𝐊𝐫𝐢𝐬𝐡𝐧𝐚 𝐃𝐞𝐯𝐚 𝐑𝐚𝐲𝐚 : 𝐊𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐎𝐟 𝐊𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐬

Krishna Deva Raya was an emperor of the Vijayanagar Empire who reigned from 1509 to 1529. he is the third ruler of the Tuluva dynasty Krishna Deva Raya was the son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka an army commander under Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya who later took control of the Empire to prevent its disintegration. Krishnadevaraya was friendly with the Portuguese and thus many Portuguese travelers visited Vijayanagarathey indicated that the king was not only an able administrator but also an excellent general leading from the front in battle and even attending to the wounded Krishnadevaraya was instrumental in establishing the strength of the Vijayanagara empire and in establishing the same he defeated all the various Deccan Sultanate's as well this is why the famous South Indian poet Muku Timmana praised him as "the destroyer of the Turks" 

                                                    Sri krishnadevaraya, Ruler, Vijayanagara Samrat, | Krishna ...

He became the dominant ruler of the peninsula of India by defeating the Sultan of Bijapur, Golconda the Bahmani Sultanate, and the Gajapatis of Odisha. towns and villages on the border between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates always lived in fear because of the various annual raids that the Deccan Sultan's would carry out in these bordering towns does the annual affair of the raid and plunder or Vijayanagara towns and villages by the Deccan Sultans came to an end during the rising rule. in 1509Krishnadevaraya's armies clashed with the Sultan of Bijapur at divan and the Sultan Mahmud was severely injured and defeated. Yusuf Adil Khan was killed and the Raichur Doab was annexed taking advantage of the victory and the disunity of the Bahmani Sultan's the Raya invaded Bidar, Gulbarga, and Bijapur and earned the title establisher of the Yavana kingdom the Sultana of Golconda Sultan Quli Qutub Shah was also defeated by Timmarususo who was the prime minister of Krishnadevaraya. He then launched a campaign towards the Andhra and Odisha he defeated the Musunuri karmas of Khamma and Velamas of Bhuvangiriwho were the Feudatories of Gajapathi kings of Odisha and seized lands up to the Krishna river Ganga raj the Ummatoor chief fought Krishnadevaraya on the banks of the Kaveri and was defeated the chief later drowned in the Kaveri in1512. Thus, after his victories in 1516 and 1517 he pushed towards the Godavari River after defeating Ganga Raja, he launched a campaign into coastal Andhra region which was in control of the Gajapathi Pratap Rudra dev the Vijayanagaraarmy laid siege to the Udaygiri fort in 1512 and after a long and bloody struggle the Udaygiri Fort fell into the hands of the Vijayanagara empire Krishna deva Raya then planned for an invasion of the mainland Kalinga-Utkal, but the Gajapati emperor's Pratap Rudra already had ideas of Krishnadevaraya's plans to attack Kalinga directly so he was preparing an ambush for Krishnadevaraya. however, Krishnadevaraya's wise prime minister Timmarusuhe actually found a Kalinga deserter and thus found out the plans to ambush Krishnadevaraya, thus allowing the Raya to get a massive advantage in the battle and Thus, The Gajapati emperor Pratap Rudra had to retreat as far back as Cuttack.after that Pratap brother David surrendered to the Vijayanagar Empire and the two kingdoms signed a treaty and as per the treaty the Krishna River became the boundary of the Vijayanagara and the Odisha kingdoms. 

                                        The Wars That Were Won: Krishnadevaraya's Victory Over The Bijapur ...

One of the main points of Krishnadevaraya'sreign occurred in May 1520 when he secured the fortress of Raichur from Ismail Adil Shah of Bijapur. Ismail Adil Shah of Bijapur had established himself as the most powerful of the Deccan Sultanate he had defeated the Sultanate of Berar, Ahmednagar, Golconda, and bidar.so the details of the battle to take the fortress of Raichur was provided by a Portuguese traveler named Fernao Nunez he reported that after a difficult siege in which an estimated 16,000 Vijaynagara soldiers were killed the fortress of Raichu was finally in the hands of the Vijayanagara Empire the exploits of the chief military commander of Vijayanagar army Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayudu, during the battle of Raichur, were also recognized and rewarded by the grateful emperor Krishnadevaraya. then finally in what was his last battlehe destroyed to the ground the fortress of Gulbarga which was the early capitalof the Bahamani Sultanate. his Empire thus, extended over the whole of South India.what's also again important to remember is that this is not a king that sat onthe sidelines while his armies fought he was often the one leading the charge infront of the armies into battle in 1524 he made his son, Tirumala Raya, The crown prince however the crown prince did not survivefor long he was poisoned and died suspecting the involvement of Timmarusu, his advisor Krishnadevaraya  had his trusted commander and advisorblinded at the same time, Krishnadevaraya was preparing for an attack on belgaumthat was in Adil Shah's possession Krishnadevaraya  took seriously illduring this time and he died soon after in 1529 Krishnadevaraya  rule is widelyregarded as one of the golden periods of the Vijayanagara empire he abolishedunnecessary taxes he maintained a strict check on his ministers and he developedmassive integration programs and agricultural programs as well foreigntravelers such as Paes, Nunez and Barbosa who visited Vijayanagara, spoke highly ofthe efficiency of administration and the prosperity of the people during hisreign Barbosa a portuguese traveler considered vision eager to be the bestprovided city in the world with a population of not less than half amillion people the administrative languages of the Empire were Kannada and Telugu the latter was also the court language and even though Krishnadevaraya was a staunch Hindu and a very proud Hindu but he was also very tolerant and accepting of other ways of life and that is something that was noted by the traveler Barbosa who visited Vijayanagara as well he said the "King allows suchfreedom that every man may come and go live according to his own Creed withoutsuffering and annoyance". 

                                        Krishnadeva Raya of Vijayanagar | Resurrection book, Ancient ...

Krishnadevaraya was also a big patron of the Arts the eight Giants of Telugu poetry collectively known as the Ashtadiggajalu were also part of his code including the legendary tenaliraman whose storiesare famous all across India Raya himself authored several works inSanskrit, Madalasa Charita, Satyavadu Parinaya, and jambavati kalyana and this isone of the reasons why all Indians must be so thankful to the VijayanagarKingdom and various southern kingdoms in general as well it is because thesekingdoms of the south played such an important role in maintaining andpreserving Hindu literature Hindu culture and Hindu languages and theHindu Way of life while the vast majority of northern Indians weresuffering under the Islamic rule it was these kingdomsin the south that took up the mantle of preserving Hinduism and Hindus way oflife under the Vijayanagara Empire and under the various southern kingdoms ourculture thrived our languages flourished and our literature blossomed and forthat we owe them a huge debt of gratitude and this is why the wholesouth north divide and the dislike that some people in the north have towardsthe south and vice versa it makes no sense because we're all on the same teamhere we're all fighting to preserve our heritage and our culture's and we're allvery very proud of our culture which is evident in our long history and that iswhy when you truly get to read history when you truly immerse yourself inIndia's history all this Dravidian politics and ideology and pseudo historyit doesn't really make sense because these are people, kingdoms of the southof most famous kingdoms of the South that are proudly Hindu and that proudlydefend and bravely fight for Hinduism.


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